Perhaps you can assist me with some intuition. I'm looking for the number of zeros of
are nonconstant polynomials with no common zeros, and
are nonnegative integers. As an example, the case
, which has thirty zeros (the zeros of the polynomial in the numerator).
For some convenient notation, let
is a complex number. I tried to decompose the rational function
in terms of its poles as follows:
are complex numbers, and
is a polynomial of degree
. Specifically, if
(which is precisely when
does not vanish), we can write the terms in the right-hand side of equation
as a fraction with a common denominator, such that the polynomial
dominates the degree in its numerator. Hence,
zeros in this case.
There seem to be two more distinct cases, but I'm not sure how to prove what the number of zeros is in them. The answer in those (remaining) cases should (probably, based on my numerical experiments) be